Three professional brewers who also homebrew explain the importance of oxygenating wort and how to get commercial results at home.
Written by Betsy Parks
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Man: [Peering at his hydrometer, floating high in its jar] "That's funny"
His Wife: "What's wrong?"
Man: "My FG is low. I wasn't expecting Diminished Attenuation."
(The door flies open and three Cardinals wearing red robes enter. The first is tall with a dark scraggly beard, the second is wearing a scooter helmet and the third is heavily bearded with an eager gleam in his eyes...)
Five hundred years ago, almost all British beers existed as both stale and mild ales. From its earliest use through the 18th Century, the term "mild" referred to an entire class of ales. These beers were much bigger than today's mild (perhaps 20 °P or more) and they were served young and sweet with residual malt sugars. Any beer could be called mild as long as it lacked the sourness of aged beers, such as stale or stock ale.