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Hop Utilization


Jonathan Kinzinger asks,

I am under the impression that for the most efficient hop utilization, the water used should be about 5.3 pH. Is this true? If so, how do I adjust my pH? I generally use malt extract and add it to regular tap water. I just don’t feel my beer is bitter enough.

This question brings up three key points: water pH and its affect on brewing methods used to adjust pH and adjusting bitterness. The first point regarding water pH pops up every so
Response by Ashton Lewis.