Mr. Wizard

429 result(s) found.

Hop Shelf Life

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This is a great question and brings up several things that need to be considered because hops do age when stored, and using hops that are past their prime for brewing is not the best plan for brewing great beer. Let’s start with when hops are harvested and what the date on the package really

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Troubleshooting The “Reverse Step-Mash”

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The old alpha and beta amylase temperature conundrum! It does indeed seem that the temperature optima for these two enzymes is reversed for the purpose of mashing. Beta amylase produces maltose by “biting” off maltose molecules from the non-reducing end of starch molecules. In the case of amylose, there is one reducing end and one

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Using Allspice

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One of the easiest ways to work a spice into beer recipes is to consider how the spice is used in cooking and then create a beer that mimics the food concept. More advanced uses of spices include using spices to substitute and/or complement hops, add depth and complexity to fruit, augment yeast characters, and

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Using Softened Water?

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Oh boy, this topic is one of the more confusing ones in all of brewing and I will do my best to keep this answer clear. Toward this goal, I am using


Counting Calories: Pastry Stouts

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This is a fun question considering the source region; Empire Brewing in Syracuse and Cazanovia, NY has been brewing their Skinny Atlas Light since 1994 using water from Lake Skaneateles. Not sure


A Look Inside Crystal Malts

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Morrey, thanks for letting me know that my material from 2000 is still being read today! Crystal, also known as caramel malts, do contain a mixture of fermentable sugars, non-fermentable Maillard reaction products, and starches that can be hydrolyzed during the mash by alpha and beta amylase. Not all crystal malts are produced in the

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Brewing a Brut IPA

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Brut IPAs are the current IPA rage blazing across the nation. Kim Sturvandt at Social Kitchen & Brewery in San Francisco is credited with being the first brewer to create this type of IPA at the end of 2017. Since that time, this beer style has spread to other Bay Area brewers and beyond to

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Yeast Dosing Specifics

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The basic method for this process uses a carboy and plastic bottling bucket, and begins with relatively clear beer. If you want maximal clarity, cold crashing definitely makes a big difference; this is true of gravity clarified, fined, and filtered beers. Independent of clarifying methods you may use, ale fermented at 68 °F (20 ˚C)

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Brewing a Hop Bomb

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As simple as it sounds, many brewers who are brewing super hoppy beers are using lots and lots of hops! And I do mean lots of hops. Back in the 1980s, few beers in the world contained more than 1 pound of hops per US beer barrel (this is equivalent to 2.6 ounces/5 gallon batch,

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Carbonating in a Unitank

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There a few ways to go about carbonating beer using a stone, and I think your approach is sound, but needs a few changes. I will review the method that has worked for us at the Springfield Brewing Company in Springfield, Missouri for the last 20 years because what we have is not too different

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Flavors from yeast starter

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I have a routine when preparing to answer questions for my column, and this routine begins with editing questions that come into BYO magazine from email, social media, and snail mail. It is tempting to edit your question because your use of the word “trub” can be interpreted two ways. In the context of your

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Cacao Nibs Advice

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With any brewing ingredient it is helpful to consider what the ingredient contributes to beer, how the contribution is best transferred from the raw material to the wort and/or beer, if there is any benefit to cooking the ingredient, and if there are microbiological risks associated with the ingredient or flavorant, e.g., used oak barrels.

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429 result(s) found.