Comparing and Selecting Hops

So how do I choose the right hops for my beer? With such a wide range of flavor and aroma characteristics, this chart can serve as a helpful guide to more than one hundred varieties. Whether you are trying to duplicate a style or are looking to experiment, the following list can help to get you started. Just select a beer style below and a chart will pull up with appropriate hops to consider for your recipe

Name
Alpha Acid %
Possible Substitution
Flavor Description
Ahtanum™
4.0-6.3%
Amarillo, Cascade

Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.

Amarillo®
8.0-9.0%
Cascade, Centennial

Citrusy, flowery.

Apollo
15.0-19.0%
Zeus

A high alpha acid varietal known for its disease resistance.

Azacca®
14.0-16.0%

A dual-use, high-alpha hop. Aroma and flavor characteristics of apricot, ripe mango, orchard fruit, orange, grapefruit, pine, and pineapple.

Boadicea
8.0-9.0%

spicy

Bobeck
3.5-7.0%
U.K. Fuggle
Bravo
14.0-17.0%
Apollo, Zeus
Cascade
4.5-7.0%
Amarillo, Centennial, possibly Columbus

Pleasant, flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.

Cascade
6.0-8.0%
Ahtanum, Cascade, Centennial

Similar to US Cascade, has floral, citrus grapefruit character.

Cashmere
7.7-9.1%

This dual purpose variety is an offspring of Cascade and Northern Brewer. Cashmere has aroma and flavor characteristics of melon, lemon, lime, herbs, and citrus fruits.

Celeia
3.0-6.0%
Styrian Golding

Moderate and pleasant zesty bitterness with matching floral aroma, making its use widespread in both ale and lager brewing.

Stores very well.

Centennial
8.0-11.5%
Cascade, possibly Columbus

Medium with floral and citrus tones.

Chinook
10.0-14.0%
Columbus, Northern Brewer, Nugget, U.K. Target

Mild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.

Citra®
11.0-13.0%

Intense citrusy flavor.

Cluster
5.5-8.5%
Galena

Medium and quite spicy.

Columbus
11.0-16.0%
Chinook, Northern Brewer, Nugget, U.K. Target

Pleasant, with pungent aroma.

Comet
9.0-11.0%

Grapefruit, lemon, orange, and grassy notes.

El Dorado
14.0-16.0%

Dual purpose hop with fruity, tropical flavors.

Eureka!
17.0-19.0%
Simcoe

An offspring of Apollo and German Merkur, Eureka! has aromas and characteristics of strong herbal notes, pine, mint, grapefruit rind, tangerine, and other citrus. Great for brewers looking for varieties to use in late addition, whirlpool, or “hop stand” hop additions.

Galaxy™
11.0-16.0%

When used as a late addition or dry hopped, it contributes a pungent flavor of passionfruit and citrus.

Galena
10.0-14.0%
Chinook, Nugget, Pride of Ringwood

Medium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.

Glacier
5.0-9.0%
Styrian Golding, U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Willamette

Dual purpose hop with a citrus earthy aroma.

Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
3.0-5.5%
German Tradition, Liberty, Ultra

Mild and pleasant.

Hallertauer Tradition
3.5-5.5%
Crystal, Liberty

Known for its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.

Hersbrucker
3.0-5.5%
French Strisslespalt, Mt. Hood

Mild to semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.

Horizon
11.0-14.0%
Magnum

Spicy, floral. Low co-humulone results in clean tasting beer.

Idaho
12.0-15.0%

A dual-purpose variety with flavors and aromas of tropical fruit, orange, apricot, black tea, pine, and herbs.

Jarrylo™
15.0-17.0%

A high-alpha hop, the flavor imparts a mild sweetness and a tea-like spice, with flavors and aromas of banana, pear, spice, and herbal notes.

Kohatu
3.0-3.0%

Aroma hop with high essential oils and intense floral characters of pine needles and tropical fruit.

Legacy
N/A

Clean grapefruit, floral, black currant notes and a spicy aroma.

Lemondrop
5.0-7.0%
Amarillo

This aroma hop originated from a cross between Cascade and USDA 19058 male. It features (of course) lemony, floral, earthy, herbal, grassy, citrus, pepper, and pine notes.

Liberty
3.0-6.0%
Hallertauer, Hallertauer Tradition, Mt. Hood

Mild and clean aroma, slightly spicy character.

Magnum
12.0-16.0%
Northdown, Northern Brewer

Known for bittering value and quality.

Magnum
10.0-14.0%
Northdown, Northern Brewer

High alpha variety

Mt. Hood
3.0-8.0%
Crystal, French Strisslespalt, Hersbrucker

Mild, pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.

Mt. Rainier
5.0-8.1%
Hallertauer

only available in 2012

Nelson Sauvin
12.0-14.0%

Distinctive white wine “fruitiness,” gooseberry. Considered by some as “extreme,” this hop is often used in specialty craft and seasonal beers.

Newport
13.0-17.0%
Galena, Nugget

Fairly pungent.

Northern Brewer
7.0-10.0%
Chinook, U.S. Northern Brewer

Medium-strong with some wild tones.

Northern Brewer
6.0-10.0%
Chinook, Nugget

Medium-strong with some wild tones.

Northwest Golding
4.0-5.0%

Known for aromatic properties.

Nugget
11.0-14.5%
Chinook, Columbus, Galena, U.K. Target

Quite heavy and herbal.

Olympic
11.0-13.0%
Chinook

Mild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.

Opal
5.0-8.0%
Styrian Golding

German dual-purpose hop

Orbit
N/A

Orbit is different each year as it uses a proprietary blend of hops specially selected out of the New Zealand “Hops with a Difference” breeding program.

Pacific Gem
13.0-15.0%
Galena

Bittering hop with delicate blackberry and floral oak. Pleasant aroma and high bitterness level.

Pacific Jade
12.0-14.0%

A “soft” bittering hop with spicy and citrus aroma qualities.

Palisade®
5.5-9.5%
Perhaps Cascade

Some “American” characteristics.

Pekko™
13.0-16.0%
Saaz

A clean and pleasant variety with floral mint, herbal, citrus, thyme, cucumber, lemon, and sage characteristics. Sometimes described as “Saaz like.”

Perle
6.0-8.5%
Northern Brewer, U.S. Perle

Moderately intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.

Perle
6.0-9.5%
Chinook, Cluster, Galena, Northern Brewer

Known for its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.

Pilgrim
9.0-13.0%
U.K. Challenger, U.K. Target

Dual purpose hop with citrusy, fruity, spicy, and lemon aromas.

Pride of Ringwood
7.0-10.0%
Cluster, Galena

Quite pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.

Rakau
9.0-11.0%

High alpha acids and oil content (particularly myrcene) with low cohumulone, making it ideal for the “hoppy not bitter” school of new world IPAs. Aromas and flavors of ripe fruit, grassiness, lemon, grapefruit juice, and hints of tropical flowers.

Riwaka
4.5-6.5%
Czech Saaz, possible American "C" hops

Citrusy, grapefruit aroma hop

Saaz
3.0-4.5%
U.S. Saaz

Very mild with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.

Saaz
3.0-5.0%
Czech Saaz

Mild and pleasant, earthy and spicy.

Santiam
5.0-7.9%
German Spalt, German Spalt Select, German Tettnanger

Noble characteristics.

Saphir
2.5-4.5%
Any noble hops

Mild aroma hop.

Satus
12.5-14.0%
Galena

Known for its bittering and aromatic properties.

Simcoe®
12.0-14.0%

A bittering and aromatic hop.

Smaragd
4.0-6.0%

Fruity and floral aromas.

Sorachi Ace
13.0-16.0%

Bittering hop with lemony aroma

Sovereign
5.0-6.0%
U.K. Fuggle

mild flavor

Spalt
4.0-5.5%
German Spalt Select, U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger

Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy.

Spalt Select
4.0-6.0%
German Spalt, U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger

Very fine Spalter-type aroma.

Spalt Select
3.0-5.0%
Saaz, Tettnanger

Medium intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild American tones.

Sterling
6.0-9.0%
Saaz

Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.

Strisslespalt
3.0-5.0%
Crystal, Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood

Medium intensity, pleasant, hoppy.

Styrian Aurora
7.0-9.5%
Northern Brewer, Styrian Golding, U.S. Styrian Bobek

Intense, pleasant and hoppy. Very suitable for extraction and for combination with other varieties in the brewing process.

Summer
5.6-6.4%

A hop variety formerly known as Summer Saaz that has a gentle floral aroma, slightly earthy. Expect apricot and stone fruit notes when used in dry hopping.

Summit™
16.0-18.0%
Simcoe

Ultra high-alpha bittering hop

Sun
12.0-16.0%
Magnum

High-alpha hop with intense character

Super Alpha
10.0-12.0%

Earthy, piney bittering hop.

Super Pride
14.0-14.0%
Pride of Ringwood

A high alpha variety bred from Pride of Ringwood.

Target
9.5-12.5%
Fuggle, Willamette

Pleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.

Taurus
12.0-17.0%
Magnum

high-alpha hop

Tettnanger
3.5-5.5%
German Spalt, German Spalt Select, Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger

Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, herbal.

Tettnanger
3.4-5.2%
Czech Saaz, German Spalt, Santiam

An aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.

Tomahawk®
15.0-17.0%
Columbus

Primarily a bittering hop.

Topaz
13.7-17.7%

A dual purpose hop, Topaz adds a resinous, grassy flavors; however, with later additions and in higher gravity brews, light tropical fruit flavors (some say lychee) become more pronounced.

Tradition
5.0-7.0%
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Hersbrucker

Very fine and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.

Ultra
2.0-4.1%
Hallertauer Tradition, Liberty, Saaz

Very good to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.

Vanguard
4.0-5.7%
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Saaz

Aroma similar to continental European types.

Vic Secret
14.0-17.0%

An aroma hop with resinous, grassy and mild fruit flavors. Late and dry hop additions introduce appealing clean and distinct pineapple and pine characters. Lighter and less dominant than Galaxy.

Wai-iti
3.4-3.4%
Saaz

Aroma hop with a startlingly citrus aroma made up of mandarin, lemon and lime zest

Waimea
16.0-19.0%

High alpha but also lots of oils giving fresh tangelo and citrus fruit aroma with pine needles

Wakatu
N/A
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Nelson Sauvin

Wakatu features floral aromas, as well as notes of fresh lime zest, citrus oils, and has a Mittlefrüh-style sweetness.

Warrior®
15.0-17.0%
Nugget

A bittering and aromatic hop.

Willamette
3.5-6.0%
Styrian Golding, U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger

Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.

Yakima Cluster
6.0-8.5%

Used as a kettle hop for bittering.

Zeus
13.0-17.0%
Columbus

Aromatic and pleasant.

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