What happened to your fermenter was due to the relation between gas temperature, volume and pressure. A sealed container will exhibit a decrease in gas pressure if the container is cooled and
When ozone is bubbled through water, the water is said to be “ozonated.” Ozone is a potent oxidizing compound due to its instability and it breaks down according to the following chemistry:
This is a Bamberg-style reddish lager, sweet and substantial like a Marzen, with the distinctive smokiness of a beechwood fire.
Peat Smoked Wee Heavy (5 gallons/19 L, partial mash) OG = 1.075 FG = 1.020 IBU = 50 SRM = 17 ABV = 7.2% Ingredients: 3 lbs. (1.4 kg) pale malt 3
Vermont Pub and Brewery: Vermont Smoked Porter (5 gallons/19 L, all-grain) OG = 1.055 FG = 1.016 IBU = 47 SRM = 33 ABV = 5.7% Vermont Pub & Brewery smokes their
The original bockbier was a top-fermented dark beer made mostly of wheat. According to some records, bockbiers date as far back as 1250 AD. They were produced in winter and stored in